Relapse Signs and Symptoms
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When you make the decision to stay clean and sober, relapse prevention is critical. Addiction, like any other disease, has specific warning signs that can indicate an imminent reoccurrence of the illness.
The disease of addiction can be deadly and thus requires planning and management in order to maintain good health. Relapse prevention involves educating yourself, and having a reliable aftercare plan, and having access to informative resources. You can be proactive in avoiding relapse by consistently working on recovery. For example, you could regularly attend group therapy and use other available treatment modalities.
What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Relapse?
- Experiencing Post Acute Withdrawal: You start having problems with one or more of the following: thinking difficulties, emotional overreaction problems, sleep disturbances, memory difficulties, becoming accident prone and/or starting to experience serious sensitivity to stress.
- Return to Denial: You stop telling others what you’re thinking/feeling and start trying to convince yourself of others that everything is alright, when in fact it is not.
- Avoidance and Defensive Behavior: You start avoiding people who will give you honest feedback and/or start becoming irritable and angry with them.
- Starting to Crisis Build: You notice that ordinary everyday problems become overwhelming and no matter how hard you try you can’t solve them.
- Feeling Immobilized, or Stuck: You start believing that there is nowhere to turn and no way to solve your problems.
- Becoming Depressed: You start feeling down-in-the-dumps and have very low energy.
- Compulsive and/or Impulsive Behaviors (Loss of Control): You start uncontrollably using one of the following – food, caffeine, nicotine, work, etc.. You may also react without thinking of the consequences of your behavior.
- Urges and Cravings (Thinking about Drinking/Using): You begin to think that alcohol or drug use is the only way to feel better. You start thinking about justifications to drink/use and convince yourself that using is the logical thing to do.
- Chemical Loss of Control (Drinking/Using): You find yourself drinking/using again to solve your problems. You start to believe that “it’s all over ‘till I hit bottom, so I may as well enjoy this relapse while it’s good,” though your problems continue to worsen.
Taking a daily inventory of your emotional states will help you keep informed of your relapse risk. Remember, even positive emotions can be triggers. You can journal daily using the 1-5 scale and use other techniques you’ve worked on in therapy.
Unsure where to start? Take Our Substance Abuse Self-Assessment
Take our free, 5-minute substance abuse self-assessment below if you think you or someone you love might be struggling with substance abuse. This evaluation consists of 11 yes or no questions that are designed to be used as an informational tool to assess the severity and probability of a substance use disorder. The test is free, confidential, and no personal information is needed to receive the result. Please be aware that this evaluation is not a substitute for advice from a medical doctor.