Rehab, Detox & Treatment Programs
Drug addiction is characterized by intense and, on occasions, uncontrollable drug cravings, alongside compulsive drug search and use that prevail even in the face of terrible consequences.1
Various brain circuits, including those involved in reward and motivation, learning and memory, and inhibitory regulation over actions, are impaired by addiction.1 That’s why seeking professional support and joining adequate rehab treatment programs is essential for users’ health and well-being.
What Rehab Treatment Programs Involve
According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), addiction treatment studies have categorized services into various common modalities. Treatment approaches and rehab treatment curricula change and evolve, focusing on a patient as a whole and involving multiple essential components.2
A great number of programs involve medically managed detoxification and withdrawal as the first stage of treatment. However, detoxification alone does not resolve addiction-related psychological, social, and behavioral issues. Detox doesn’t typically bring lasting behavioral changes required for rehabilitation. A standardized assessment and referral to substance abuse care should follow detox along with personalized types of counseling and therapy.2
Benefits of Rehab Treatment Programs
Anyone who is dealing with substance dependency will benefit from rehabilitation treatment programs. Many with addiction realize how difficult it is to conquer it alone and the curative rehabilitation environment provides help to ensure a full recovery. 3
Rehab provides customized recovery plans to assist patients in recognizing and addressing the root problems that contributed to their addiction. While the main priority of a rehab facility is to help patients overcome addiction, there are a lot of other benefits of rehab as well.
The structure of treatment programs is one of the biggest advantages of going to a rehabilitation facility. Treatment plans employ regular activities and therapy sessions full of productive exercises to help keep patients stay involved in their treatment and minimize distractions.
Between scheduled activities, breaks are made in order for patients to process what they learn. It is necessary not only to learn new coping skills but to exercise their application in a safe environment. Patients are permitted to socialize and relax regularly during daytime and evening breaks.
The fact that patients will be in a healthy and compassionate atmosphere surrounded by individuals who understand what each other is going through is another big advantage of drug treatment and rehab. Peer support is a major element of recovery and is important to achieving long-term sobriety.
One advantage that is unique to inpatient rehab is that patients have access to medical and psychiatric supervision around the clock seven days a week during their stay. In those with serious addictions, this can be highly important for avoiding relapse, since people in recovery are prone to a number of health conditions soon after stopping the use of the drug they were addicted to.
During this time period, when their bodies begin to readjust to working without the drug, people will likely experience uncomfortable and potentially harmful withdrawal symptoms. Even after the initial symptoms of withdrawal have passed, stress on the body and mind can worsen.
A significant number of people with a history of drug or alcohol abuse have poor self-care and discipline. Setting and meeting goals is a vital portion of self-care for a person in recovery. Many people have attempted to set goals on their own and struggle because they did not approach them with the right attitude or belief.
The repeated cycle of wanting to change habits but falling short constantly eventually weakens the determination of an individual to the point that many avoid trying and slip back into their old self-destructive behaviors.
What Is Rehab Detox Treatment?
In order to handle the immediate and potentially harmful physiological effects of stopping drug use, detoxification is an essential part of treatment programs. Rehab detox treatment can be accompanied by unpleasant and potentially fatal results because of withdrawal. This is why detox entails the use of medication administered by a professional in an adequate, supervised setting.2
Medically assisted detox is just the first step of recovery for drug or alcohol addiction. While it can safely manage acute symptoms of withdrawal and can lay the groundwork for successful treatment of long-term dependency for some people, detox alone is rarely enough to sustain long-term abstinence. The subsequent therapy after detoxification should also be allowed to proceed.4
Why Undergo Detox Before Rehab Treatment
Medical detox, in addition to bringing comfort and safety, increases the likelihood of successful recovery. It improves a patient’s chance to resolve underlying conditions, both physical and emotional. 3
Medical detox can make inpatient recovery more successful because it enables users to detoxify their bodies from drugs. Additionally, prior to rehab, a customized therapy plan can be created. Detox will enable a person to rid themselves of substances and start their recovery, getting the maximum out of the treatment.5
Frequently Asked Questions
Since successful results frequently rely on the stay of a person in treatment long enough to achieve its full benefits, it is important to keep users in treatment by employing different strategies. However, whether a patient remains in treatment depends on factors that are related to both the person and the program.
Usually, individual aspects associated with involvement and retention may include:6
- Motivation to alter drug-using behavior.
- Degree of family and friend support.
- Sometimes, pressure from the criminal justice system, child protective programs, employers, or family.
Additionally, treatment specialists can encourage users to stay in treatment by developing a constructive, therapeutic partnership with them. They should ensure that a treatment plan is created in consultation with the patient, involving different methods such as medical, psychological, and social services. After the treatment begins, the plan should be followed according to the patient’s needs and continuously evaluated. Levels of care should also be adjusted as individuals progress through treatment to encourage their involvement.7
During the intake process, a patient may work with a professional to explore treatment options and find out what plan will work best for them. The aim is to create a customized care plan based on q patient’s medical, mental, and social functioning evaluation.
The treatment team may conduct comprehensive evaluations during the initial consultation, which may include a medical examination, a psychological assessment, and a psychosocial assessment. During this step, specialists will also determine whether a patient should undergo medical detox at a rehab treatment center.
The withdrawal symptoms associated with certain types of physical substance dependence may be noticeably unpleasant and possibly dangerous. People experiencing these withdrawal symptoms benefit from the added supervision, monitoring and, potentially, pharmacological interventions provided by the medical detox settings.8
Leading up to detoxification, a patient may be evaluated by professional health workers to ascertain certain withdrawal risks and the possibility of a complex withdrawal. They will also determine specific types of medical interventions which may be required to minimize these risks during detox.8
Different substances remain in the body for different time periods, impacting the time of detox for each. Most of the time, a person can detox from substances within a week (though cravings may persist for months afterward). Some of the most serious withdrawal symptoms appear to be nonfatal, like vomiting and diarrhea. That being said, fast dehydration caused by such symptoms may be life-threatening. That is why most addiction treatment programs involve and strongly encourage medically supervised detoxification.8
The Centers for Disease Control estimates that 114 people die every day from drugs and 6,748 are sent to hospital emergency rooms for treatment. Although addiction and substance abuse are unquestionably major problems in the US, a survey conducted by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration found that as many as 90% of people most in need of drug rehabilitation do not receive it.9
Treatment effectiveness is not easily predictable and addiction treatment programs have different treatment approaches. However, active, long-term treatment participation in specialized programs typically shows a high success rate. Almost 90 percent of individuals that are abstinent for 2 years are also drug- and alcohol-free at 10 years. Maximum treatment benefits are gained by those who stay in treatment for longer periods of time. Treatment participation for 3 months or longer is usually an indicator of a positive outcome. Continuing aftercare and participating in support group programs following treatment is also associated with success.10
1. National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2018). Principles of Drug Addiction Treatment: A Research-Based Guide (Third Edition)
2. National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2018). Types of Treatment Programs
3. National Center for Biotechnology Information CHAPTER 4EARLY INTERVENTION, TREATMENT, AND MANAGEMENT OF SUBSTANCE USE DISORDERS
4. National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2018). Principles of Effective Treatment
5. National Alliance on Mental Illness (2020). https://www.nami.org/About-Mental-Illness/Common-with-Mental-Illness/Substance-Use-Disorders
6. National Center for Biotechnology Information 5 Major Treatment Issues and Approaches
7. National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2018). What helps people stay in treatment*?
8. National Center for Biotechnology Information 1 Overview, Essential Concepts, and Definitions in Detoxification
9. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (2013). National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Summary of National Findings
10. National Center for Biotechnology Information chapter 5—specialized substance abuse treatment programs